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美國總統在蒙古闡述民主自由 布希2005年11月21日的演說

2005-11-22 19:22 作者:方覺摘譯 桌面版 简体 0
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十五年前,數以千計的蒙古人民不畏攝氏零度以下的嚴寒聚集在這座政府大廈外面,他們拒絕一個壓迫性的政權並要求自由。正是這種信念的力量使他們得以讓共產黨領導層失去權力。幾個月內就舉行了自由選舉,一個自由的蒙古誕生了。

   蒙古僅僅在十五年中就實現了從共產主義制度向自由制度的過渡。你們已經建立了生機勃勃的民主政治並開放了經濟。你們是這個地區和世界的一個成功的榜樣。我知道向自由的過渡並不總是容易的。美國人民讚賞你們的耐心和決心。

   我們兩國都知道我們在自由事業中的責任不能止步於自己的邊界,自由在我們國土上的生存日益有賴於自由在其它國家的成功。

  你們當中的許多人還可以回顧起經歷了幾十年的暴政後第一次自由投票的極度欣悅。你們體會到看著自己選擇的領導人上任的滿足,而如果你們決定更換他們,你們也能夠看到他們離去。你們體會到生活在憲政制度下的感受,這種憲政保障言論自由、集會自由、法律面前人人平等這些個人權利。

  像共產主義意識形態那樣,伊斯蘭極端主義的意識形態被某種狂妄宣稱有權對大眾發號施令的自封的領袖所操縱;像共產主義意識形態那樣,伊斯蘭極端主義教導說,為了服務於它們的冷酷目標,無辜的人民可以被謀殺;像共產主義意識形態那樣,伊斯蘭極端主義蔑視自由的人民,聲稱生活在自由制度中的男男女女是軟弱無能和頹廢墮落的。但是同樣像共產主義意識形態那樣,這種伊斯蘭極端主義的意識形態注定要失敗,因為攫取權力的慾望是無法與嚮往自由的普遍渴望相匹敵的。

   今天,在自由的事業中蒙古和美國正兄弟般地站在一起。只要自由的國家團結一致,暴政和恐怖就無法攻破我們。

(譯者方覺是在美國的中國政治活動人士)

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【英文原文】

The White House, President George W. Bush
For Immediate Release
Office of the Press Secretary
November 21, 2005

President Discusses Freedom and Democracy in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
Conference Hall
Government House
Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

Fact sheetPresident's Visit to Asia


2:13 P.M. (Local)

THE PRESIDENT: Amar bain uu? (Applause.) Thanks for the warm welcome. And, Mr. President, thank you for your hospitality. I thank you, the Prime Minister, and the government for such gracious hospitality. I want to thank the First Lady for being so kind to Laura. It is really, really an honor to be here in your great country. And we bring with us the good wishes of the American people.

President Bush and Laura Bush join Mongolia President Nambaryn Enkhbayar and his wife, Onongiin Tsolmon, as they wave to spectators Monday, Nov. 21, 2005, during welcoming ceremonies for the Bushes in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. White House photo by Paul Morse I'm here on an important international mission. Secretary Rumsfeld asked me to check on his horse. (Laughter.) I feel very much at home here in your country. This is a beautiful land, with huge skies and vast horizons -- kind of like Texas. (Applause.) I thank you for the invitation. I'm honored to be the first sitting American President to visit Mongolia, and America is proud to call you the third neighbor. (Applause.)

Fifteen years ago, Mongolians gathered outside this great hall by the thousands, braving sub-zero temperatures and defying a repressive regime, to demand their liberty. The protesters included students and workers and monks, and a group of young democrats on a hunger strike. By the force of their convictions, they drove the communist leadership from power. Within months, free elections were held, and a free Mongolia was born. And today, one of the young hunger strikers who stood vigil outside the building now serves as the Prime Minister of your great nation. (Applause.)

Mongolia has made the transition from communism to freedom, and in just 15 years, you've established a vibrant democracy and opened up your economy. You're an example of success for this region and for the world. I know the transition to liberty has not always been easy and Americans admire your patience and your determination. By your daily efforts, you're building a better life for your children and your grandchildren. And I've come to tell you, as you build a free society in the heart of Central Asia, the American people stand with you. (Applause.)

Earlier this year, when a terrible hurricane struck my nation's Gulf Coast, the Mongolian people stood with us. Even before the flood waters had fully receded, your government pledged aid, and a group of business leaders in Mongolia raised additional money. These funds are helping to rebuild shattered lives in my country. In a time of tragedy for America, Mongolia showed her compassionate heart, and my country thanks you for your support and friendship. (Applause.)

Americans and Mongolians have much in common. Both our nations were settled by pioneers on horseback who tamed the rugged plains. Both our nations shook the yoke of colonial rule, and built successful free societies. And both our nations know that our responsibilities in freedom's cause do not end at our borders, and that survival of liberty in our own lands increasingly depends on the success of liberty in other lands.

President George W. Bush delivers remarks Monday, Nov. 21, 2005, during his stop in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. White House photo by Shealah Craighead This conviction has inspired the Mongolian people to share the hope of freedom with others who have not known it. Mongolian officers have served in missions to keep the peace in Western Sahara and the Congo. Your forces are serving alongside U.S. and coalition forces helping to train the Armed Forces of a free Afghanistan. And in September, Mongolia sent its fifth rotation of forces to Iraq and Mongolian soldiers are serving in that country with courage and great distinction. (Applause.)

Two Mongolian soldiers named Sergeants Azzaya and Sambuu-Yondon are here with us today risked their lives to stop a suicide bomber who was trying to drive a truck full of explosives into a coalition mess tent. As the truck hurtled towards them, they opened fire killing the terrorist and saving countless lives. As Commander-in-Chief of the United States Armed Forces, I thank these brave Mongolian soldiers, and all who have served on the front lines of the war on terror. (Applause.) The Mongolian Armed Forces are serving the cause of freedom and the United States Armed Forces are proud to serve beside such fearless warriors.

In Iraq, Mongolian forces have helped make possible a stunning transformation. Earlier this year, Iraqis went to the polls and chose their leaders in free elections. Last month, they returned to the polls and approved a democratic constitution for a free Iraq. And in a few weeks time, Iraqis will vote once again to choose a fully constitutional government to lead them for the next four years. With their ballots, the Iraqi people are sending a clear message: There will be no return to the days of tyranny and terror; the future of Iraq belongs to freedom. (Applause.)

Many of you can still recall the exhilaration of voting freely for the first time after decades of tyranny. You know the satisfaction of seeing leaders you chose take office -- and of seeing them leave office if you decide to replace them. You know the feeling of living under a constitution that guarantees personal liberties like free speech, free assembly, and equality before the law. And now, because of the courage of Mongolian and coalition forces, the people of Iraq know this feeling, as well.

In Iraq, the advance of freedom is opposed by determined adversaries, the followers of a murderous ideology, who exploit the religion of Islam to serve a violent political vision. They kill the innocent in pursuit of a totalitarian empire that denies all political and religious freedom. Like the ideology of communism, the ideology of Islamic radicalism is led by a self-appointed vanguard that presumes to speak for the masses. Like the ideology of communism, Islamic radicalism teaches the innocent can be murdered to serve their brutal aims. Like the ideology of communism, Islamic radicalism is dismissive of free peoples, claiming that men and women who live in liberty are weak and decadent. And like the ideology of communism, the ideology of Islamic radicalism is destined to fall because the will to power is no match for the universal desire to live in liberty. (Applause.)

Free people did not falter in the Cold War, and free people will not falter in the war on terror. (Applause.) We see the determination to live in freedom in the courage of Iraqi and Afghan citizens who defied the terrorists to cast their ballots. We see it in the bravery of ordinary Lebanese who waved cedar flags and drove an occupying power from their borders. And we've seen it in the daily courage of the Mongolian people who claimed their freedom 15 years ago, and are now standing with others across the world to help them do the same.

As you help others secure the blessings of liberty, you continue the work of building a free society here at home, and as you travel this path, the United States walks with you. (Applause.) Earlier this year, I announced a new Solidarity Initiative to provide financial assistance to nations like Mongolia that are standing with America in the war on terror. Mongolia will receive $11 million under this initiative, critical funds to help you improve your military forces, so we can continue working together for the cause of peace and freedom.

Mongolia has undertaken political and economic reforms. You have now held numerous free elections and two peaceful transitions of power from one party to another, which is a sign of a successful democracy. This year, Mongolia ratified the United Nations Convention against Corruption, and I urge your parliament to pass the anti-corruption legislation needed to implement that treaty. After decades of centralization, you privatized more than 80 percent of Mongolia's state enterprises, and the Mongolian economy grew at a rate of more than 10 percent last year.

In recognition of your progress, Mongolia has been named a country eligible for assistance under the Millennium Challenge Account, a new program the United States has established to assist countries that govern justly, invest in their people, and promote economic freedom. My administration is committed to working with your country to complete a Millennium Challenge compact as soon as possible and to help the Mongolian people continue on the path of reform. (Applause.)

Next year, your country will celebrate the 800th anniversary of the founding of Mongolia. There's a legend of a Mongolian woman who gave each of her five sons an arrow. She told each to break the arrow in his hand, which they did. She then tied the five arrows together, and told each to try and break the bundle. None could do it. And she told them, brothers who stand alone, like single arrow shafts, can be broken by anyone; but brothers who stand together, like a bundle of arrows, cannot be broken. Today, Mongolia and the United States are standing together as brothers in the cause of freedom. (Applause.) And if free nations remain united, no force of tyranny or terror will break us.

I've come here to thank you for your contributions to freedom's cause and to tell you that the American people appreciate your courage and value your friendship. And on behalf of all Americans, ikh bayarlalaa. (Applause.) And may God bless your wonderful country. Thank you very much. (Applause.)(文章僅代表作者個人立場和觀點)

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